Yeast infection Vaginal – What causes yeast infections? – Top 19 Questions That Comes in Mind

INTRODUCTION

Yeast infection Vaginal:

The medical term for yeast infection is candidiasis, but you might also hear it called moniliasis or vaginal thrush. 

A vaginal yeast infection occurs when there’s an overgrowth of Candida albicans, which is a type of fungus. It’s normal to have these in your body — they’re usually in your mouth and digestive tract — but it’s not normal to have them elsewhere on your body, including your vagina. read more…

Yeast infection
Yeast infection

Topics Include: 

  • All about the vagina
  • All about the vulva
  • All about the female reproductive system
  • Vaginal discharge: When and why it happens
  • Reasons behind vaginal discharge changes
  • The yeast connection
  • Medications that can cause an overgrowth of yeast in your body
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Alternative medicine
  • Preparing for your appointment
  • What you can do?
  • Questions to ask your doctor
  • What to expect from your doctor

All about the vagina

The vagina, also called the birth canal, is a muscular channel that connects your uterus to your external genitals. 

Yeast is a common vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, which is present in most women’s vaginas naturally. It can cause itching, burning and an unpleasant odour, as well as discharge (the most visible sign of infection). 

Candida grows best under warm and moist conditions and releases ethanol and other metabolites that irritate your skin. Infections can become very uncomfortable if they spread to surrounding areas including your labia, thighs or buttocks. Most infections occur when you’re taking antibiotics for another condition or when you are pregnant.

 

Yeast infection
Yeast infection

All about the vulva

The human female reproductive system has three major parts:

  • vulva, 
  • vagina 
  • uterus

The vulva is everything outside of that, including all of your reproductive organs (the clitoris, labia major and minor) as well as your perineum, which includes several glands that produce natural lubricants for s**xual intercourse. 

Your vagina is really two things: an elastic tunnel that connects to your uterus, and also a thin layer of tissue on top that produces discharge. 

All vaginas are self-cleaning—which means you shouldn’t douche or try other vaginal cleaning techniques like vinegar or baking soda because they can do more harm than good.

 

All about the female reproductive system

In fact, vaginal yeast infections are actually caused by a fungus that thrives in dark and moist places. That’s why they’re common in warm, damp areas of your body like your thighs or underarms. However, any part of your body that is covered with hair can be vulnerable to a fungal infection — including pubic hair. This makes 

it possible for women to get a vaginal yeast infection from ingrown hair down there. But pubic hair itself isn’t enough; you have to have other factors in place as well. 

A tight-fitting, synthetic underwear fabric is likely to irritate skin and increase the risk for irritation and infection.

 

Vaginal discharge: When and why it happens

Vaginal discharge is usually clear or white and can range from scant to a lot. It’s generally considered normal, especially during your period or if you’re s**xually aroused. 

But there are times when it becomes an issue. For example, if you find that your discharge is yellow, green, or bloody—or has a strong odour—and it’s lasting for more than two weeks; it may be an infection. In most cases, vaginitis occurs because of an overgrowth of yeast (Candida) in the vagina. Certain conditions like diabetes and pregnancy also put you at risk for infection. read more…

 

yeast infections
yeast infections

 

Reasons behind vaginal discharge changes

A healthy vagina has a delicate balance of good and bad bacteria. If your balance becomes skewed (usually because of antibiotics, which kill off all bacteria), it can lead to a vaginal infection called bacterial vaginosis (BV). BV is caused by an overgrowth of certain types of bacteria, often with an accompanying decrease in good Lactobacillus microbes. 

This imbalance can increase your susceptibility to vaginal yeast infections; some experts believe that as many as half of women who have BV will also get at least one or two fungal infections in their lifetimes. The two conditions are closely related and may even occur simultaneously.

 

The yeast connection

Some prescription medications can make you more susceptible to vaginal yeast infections, including antibiotics and steroids. Be sure to talk with your doctor about alternative medications if you are suffering from a recurrent case of vaginal yeast infection. 

You may need to change or find an alternative medication that won’t lead to recurring vaginal yeast infections. Medications that can cause an overgrowth of yeast in your body: Some prescription medications can make you more susceptible to vaginal yeast infections, including antibiotics and steroids. 

Be sure to talk with your doctor about alternative medications if you are suffering from a recurrent case of vaginal yeast infection. You may need to change or find an alternative medication that won’t lead to recurring vaginal yeast infections.

 

Medications that can cause an overgrowth of yeast in your body

Several medications can increase your risk of developing a yeast infection. Antibiotics can kill off other, healthy bacteria in your body and, in turn, lead to an overgrowth of yeast. Diuretics, corticosteroids and birth control pills also have a similar effect. 

If you find that you’re getting repeated infections (or if your current medicine is causing you to get one), talk to your doctor about changing or weaning off your prescription. 

Diet may contribute: Yeast thrives on carbohydrates — particularly sugar-rich foods like those found in baked goods or sugary soft drinks and juices — so if you’re diet has a lot of these foods, it could be increasing how often you get infections. Read more…

 

Diagnosis

Although they often refer to it as a yeast infection, your doctor may also talk about vaginal candidiasis. Candida albicans is a fungus that can live on the skin or mucous membranes of healthy people and usually doesn’t cause any issues. 

In some cases, however, an overgrowth of candidiasis can happen when there’s an imbalance in your system. Risk factors for yeast infections include diabetes and HIV, but you can also get them from using products like antibiotics and steroids—even birth control pills and non-lubricated condoms.

 

Treatment

Although there is no cure for a yeast infection, you can treat your symptoms to help you feel better and get back to your normal routine. Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are available for treating vaginal itching and burning. 

You may also need prescription treatment if other treatments don’t help relieve your symptoms or if you have a condition that makes recurrent vaginal yeast infections more likely. If you have frequent yeast infections, taking an antifungal medicine daily or every time you have sex might keep it from coming back or prevent it from happening again. 

You can also change your diet in ways that will make repeated infections less likely, but some research suggests certain types of dietary changes might not be helpful.

 

Alternative medicine

Some women believe that douching can help prevent yeast infections or cure them. Douching, however, actually introduces harmful bacteria into your vagina and upsets its delicate pH balance. 

This imbalance can make you more susceptible to infection by several organisms. To avoid causing or exacerbating vaginal problems—including a possible yeast infection—don’t douche.

 

Preparing for your appointment

Before your appointment, it’s a good idea to do some research and find out as much as you can about yeast infections. 

  • What are they? 
  • How do they occur? 
  • Can they be prevented or treated easily? 

Write down any questions you have for your doctor before your appointment. Also, bring a notebook along so that you can take notes during your appointment. At home, keep a calendar tracking symptoms and when changes are made in your lifestyle (for example, switching feminine hygiene products). 

Bring these calendars with you at each appointment so that you can discuss how well changes have worked to ease discomfort. read more…

 

What you can do?

Yeast is a type of fungus that can grow in warm, moist places like your underarms, groin and scalp. If you have an active infection, chances are you’ll notice symptoms like itching, burning or redness. 

But sometimes—especially if it’s been a while since your last infection—you won’t experience any symptoms at all until the condition has worsened. To prevent recurring infections (and help them clear up faster when they do occur), wash towels and underwear daily with hot water and baking soda or vinegar to get rid of excess moisture. 

Change out of damp workout clothes immediately after sweating, wear cotton underwear and stay away from nylon panties as they can exacerbate an infection by trapping moisture against your skin.

 

Questions to ask your doctor

If you’re experiencing your first infection, you might be at a loss as to what to ask your doctor. You don’t want to seem completely clueless—and we promise it’s okay if you are—but not knowing how or when to broach certain topics can make things awkward. A doctor’s visit isn’t always a quick process, so it helps to get some questions in early on. Here are a few basic questions that will help guide your conversation: 

Do I have an infection? 

What type of infection do I have?

How do you suggest treating my infection?

And finally, where does my partner fit into all of this?

 

What to expect from your doctor

If you have a vaginal yeast infection, you’ll likely get treatment from your primary care doctor or OB/GYN. But keep in mind that even if a medical provider determines what is causing your symptoms, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they can treat it. 

While there are plenty of over-the-counter and prescription treatments for vaginal yeast infections, other types of vaginitis may require additional tests and even treatment by an allergist to determine their cause. 

That said, with proper treatment, all forms of vaginitis are easily manageable and they shouldn’t affect your s**x life in any way—so don’t let embarrassment stop you from talking to your doctor! read more…

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