What is the Main Cause of Malaria? | Different Types of Malaria | Signs and Symptoms of Malaria | Preventing Malaria | Treating Malaria
Here we come to know about Malaria and we will look to some top questions that might be very important to know about, so lets define it and see some more details about malaria.
Malaria, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium, is one of the most common infectious diseases globally, affecting millions of people and resulting in millions of deaths each year. It’s thought that as many as 500 million cases occur annually, although the actual number may be considerably lower due to misdiagnosis.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 90% of malaria cases and nearly all malaria-related deaths occur in Africa, with Anopheles mosquitoes being responsible for infecting more than 95% of those who contract the disease. The good news?
What is the Main Cause of Malaria?
The main cause of malaria is a parasite called Plasmodium. The most important thing to remember about malaria is that there are different kinds, or types, and all are caused by Plasmodium parasites, but they all behave differently in people’s bodies.
Plasmodium falciparum causes most deaths from malaria, particularly among children. But P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae also can be dangerous in areas where they are common or when people don’t have access to treatment.
Different Types of Malaria
There are five different types of malaria, and four out of five are present in Africa. These include: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium malaria. The one that is not commonly found in Africa is called P. knowlesi. All forms of malaria can be spread by mosquitos as well as through s**xual contact between partners with a history of travel to areas where malaria is endemic.
However, some strains have also been discovered to be spread through blood transfusions! Most people infected with malaria experience flu-like symptoms or no symptoms at all, so it is important to visit your physician if you think you may have contracted malaria. If left untreated, malaria can lead to a number of health problems such as brain infections or coma.
Mosquitoes are often carriers for disease because they frequently come into close contact with humans when they look for food sources like fish or other small animals. Infected mosquitos carrying parasites could easily pass these parasites on to humans without anyone knowing until it’s too late!
Signs and Symptoms of Malaria
According to Know your Zone , The only reliable way to avoid getting malaria is to prevent mosquito bites by using repellents, and taking precautions against mosquito bites.
They go on to say that, Since it can take up to one week for symptoms of malaria to appear after a bite from an infected mosquito, returning travelers should remain vigilant for signs and symptoms for several weeks upon return from areas where malaria is common.(Know Your Zone) The CDC reports that these are some possible warning signs: Headache, muscle aches and fatigue. (CDC)
Protecting yourself against mosquito bites is one way to stay healthy while traveling, but there are other steps you can take. Use insect repellent and wear long sleeves, pants and shoes that cover your ankles when you go out in between dusk and dawn (times when mosquitoes bite).
If you sleep outdoors or have a blood transfusion, get malaria pills from your doctor (and follow instructions carefully). It’s also important to remember that not all mosquitoes carry malaria, so even if there are mosquitoes where you travel—even if they’re biting—that doesn’t mean malaria is present.
Malaria is a potentially fatal disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to humans through bites from infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. According to CDC estimates, there were 214 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2015, and 438,000 deaths. According to the CDC: Malaria can be treated with medications taken for 7 days that must be given within 24 hours of when symptoms begin.
Those who are at high risk for severe illness should get treatment even if they have no symptoms. Prevention includes preventing mosquito bites (e.g., use insect repellent) and avoiding areas where mosquitoes live (e.g., keeping indoors at dusk or dawn). Source – CDC 2017
If you’re outside during these times: Use an EPA-registered insect repellent on exposed skin. Clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts and long pants, can also help keep bugs off your body. Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents). You can buy pre-treated clothing and gear or treat them yourself; follow all instructions on the product label carefully.